Procurement strategies to serve the public good

The Government of Botswana has, on several occasions, called for greater economic empowerment of its citizens. The Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Board (PPADB) has responded by examining its existing practices and requirements under the PPADB Act. The act allows for reservations and preferential treatment in the public procurement system to be introduced by the board. A number of such schemes are already used in public procurement and asset disposal in Botswana, such as the Economic Diversification Drive, which aims to procure more from local manufacturers and service providers. Other preferential schemes are based on vendor-company ownership, with variable weighting applied to 100% citizen ownership, majority ownership, minority ownership and, lastly, foreign ownership. This is applied as a price preference for procurement in the construction industry, the information and communications technology (ICT) sector and the medical supply sector. A reservation scheme is currently being applied to the ICT sector for procurement below BWP 300,000 (US$ 46,000), where the opportunity to bid is reserved for 100% citizen-owned companies. Otherwise, the process is open and only the price preference scheme is applied. Some tenders may be reserved specially for enterprises that manufacture products locally, such as furniture. Botswana’s public procurement system is based on full transparency and open competition, even when preferential schemes are used. The PPADB Act requires tender invitations to be published in the government gazette and any widely circulated newspaper. After evaluation of the tenders, the results are published in the Daily News and on the PPADB website (www.ppadb.co.bw). The PPADB follows best practice in debriefing the losing bidders, explaining the weaknesses of their bid and how they might...

Opening government procurement to women’s enterprises

In a little more than a century, 40 women have won the Nobel Prize, and there is a steady improvement in the representation of women in national parliaments worldwide. Women have achieved levels of excellence that indeed have made our world a better place. But these advances cannot hide the fact that, in many parts of the world, women remain economically and socially disadvantaged. Therefore, the promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women has rightly been identified as one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Addressing remaining economic and social inequities requires a fundamental reform of policies both on a national and global level. Trade can and should be part of the solution. The evidence is clear that trade facilitates job creation and growth, which in turn can alleviate the poverty that disproportionately affects women and their families. A recent study by Jane Korinek from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) called Trade and Gender: Issues and Interactions has shown that, in middle-income developing countries, women make up roughly 50%–90% of the workforce in export-oriented sectors of the economy, and these jobs often pay better wages and provide better working conditions than those in other sectors of the market. Not surprisingly, therefore, the International Trade Centre (ITC) has confirmed a strong correlation between increased international trade and increases in female employment. Trade results in greater employment in exports, increased connection to markets and often higher wages in export-oriented industries, particularly for women. How can this positive impact of international trade on gender equality and socio-economic development be reinforced? Enhanced participation in the international economy by...

Women and minority procurement: Atlanta's approach

Nearly 40 years ago, the government of Atlanta adopted sweeping and bold economic development policies to stabilize the city’s economy and expand business and job opportunities. Then-mayor Maynard Jackson, Jr., the first African American mayor of a major United States city, championed the Equal Economic Opportunity Programme, opening municipal procurement to the more than half of the business population previously locked out of city business due to discriminatory policies and practices based on race and gender. His leadership changed the economic fabric of the city for black people, other minorities and women. Between 1974 and 1981, the proportion of contracts awarded by the city to women and minorities increased from a meagre 1% to an average of 24%, worth more than US$ 600 million. In those eight years, nine pieces of legislation designed to ensure minority and female business participation were adopted by the city council, including a law requiring 25% of projects to be filled by minority- and women-owned firms. This has led to, conservatively, US$ 2.5 billion in contracts awarded to women and minority businesses since 1974. As greater Atlanta has grown to over 5 million people, it has become a model for American cities, states and federal agencies. Women and minorities have participated in the growth of business enterprises, increasing their wealth and expanding their capacity and experience, and the city’s procurement policies laid the foundation for this success. The data speak for themselves. The United States Census reports that Georgia has led the country in the number of women-owned businesses over the past 14 years. The number of women-owned businesses in the state nearly doubled...

Demande d’Expression d’Intérêt : Services de restauration (date limite de réception des EI : 11 mai 2012)

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Call for Expression of Interest for Mobile Communication Services (deadline: 19th April 2012)

‘; $(document).ready(function () { //alert(“ready”); loadingcomments=1; $(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_bloglcommentisting”).html($(‘div#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_loadmoreajaxloader’).html()).load(loadUrl + “?ContentID=60517&pgno=” + pageno + “&newcomments=” + newcomments, function (response, status, xhr) { if (status == “error”) { var msg = “Sorry but there was an error”; $(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_dvError”).html(msg + xhr.status + ” ” + xhr.statusText); } pageno++; loadingcomments=0; }); window.setInterval(“checkSession();”, 1000*900); return false; }); $.ajaxSetup({ cache: false }); $(window).scroll(function () { if ($(window).scrollTop() == $(document).height() – $(window).height() && loadingcomments==0) { //alert(“scroll”); loadingcomments=1; $(‘div#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_loadmoreajaxloader’).show(); $.ajax({ url: loadUrl + “?ContentID=60517&pgno=” + pageno + “&newcomments=” + newcomments, success: function (html) { if (html) { $(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_bloglcommentisting”).append($(html).hide().fadeIn(1000)); $(‘div#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_loadmoreajaxloader’).hide(); pageno++; } else { if($(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_commnetcount”).val()+newcomments==0) { $(‘div#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_loadmoreajaxloader’).html(‘Be the first to post a comment.‘); } else { $(‘div#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_loadmoreajaxloader’).html(‘No more comments to show.‘); } } loadingcomments=0; } }); } }); function checkSession(){ checkfblogin(); lichecklogin(); checkgplogin(); $.ajax({ url: socialservice + “?contentid=60517&usertype=0&action=CHECKSESSION&commenttext=”, success: function (obj) { refcom=0; } }); } function postcomment (usertype,text){ text = encodeURIComponent(text); loadingcomments=1; $(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_bloglcommentisting”).prepend($(postcommetloader).hide().fadeIn(200)); $.ajax({ url: socialservice + “?contentid=60517&usertype=” + usertype + “&action=POSTCOMMENT” + “&commenttext=” + text, success: function (html) { if (html>0 && html!=”error-session-expired”) { $.ajax({ url: loadUrl + “?ContentID=60517&pgno=0&newcomments=0&commentID=” + html, success: function (commenthtml) { if (commenthtml) { $(“.postcommnetloader”).remove(); $(“#ctl00_ctl00_ContentPlaceHolder1_columnTwo_Comment_bloglcommentisting”).prepend($(commenthtml).hide().fadeIn(1000)); } else { $(‘.postcommnetloader’).html(‘Sorry but there was an error‘); setTimeout(function() { $(‘.postcommnetloader’).remove() }, 2000); } } }); newcomments++; } else if(html == “error-session-expired”){ $(‘.postcommnetloader’).html(‘Session expired, please try refresh the page.‘); setTimeout(function() {$(‘.postcommnetloader’).remove()}, 2000); } else { $(‘.postcommnetloader’).html(‘Sorry but there was an error‘); setTimeout(function() { $(‘.postcommnetloader’).remove() }, 2000); } loadingcomments=0; } }); } function postReplycomment (usertype,text,commentId,object){ text = encodeURIComponent(text); loadingcomments=1; $(object).append($(postcommetloader).hide().fadeIn(200)); $.ajax({ url: socialservice + “?contentid=60517&usertype=” + usertype + “&action=POSTCOMMENT” + “&commenttext=” + text + “&replyto=” + commentId, success: function (html) { var i = html.indexOf(“ContentID”) if (i...

Call for Expression of Interest for Mobile Communication Services (deadline: 19th April 2012)

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